Fusion of the spine is the result of any process that causes the vertebral bones of the spine to grow together, eliminating the motion between those bones. Over the course of a lifetime, the daily “wear and tear” of our joints can lead to pain caused by arthritis. Arthritis can affect all of the joints of the body, including the spine, usually resulting in pain with movement.
When non-operative treatments fail to control the pain and possible neurological symptoms of end-stage spine arthritis, a surgical spine fusion that eliminates motion in the involved segment of the spine may be very effective in relieving symptoms.
BMP is a protein naturally found in the human body that stimulates the formation of bone and promotes healing. Surgeons have found it to be very useful in inducing spinal fusion. Commercially available BMPs are manufactured using recombinant technologies in a laboratory without the use of human tissue.