Director of Education
Dr. Carolyn M. Sofka is the Education Director for the Department of Radiology and Imaging and a board certified radiologist specializing in musculoskeletal radiology since 1999. She is published in numerous peer reviewed radiology and orthopaedic subspecialty journals, has co-authored books and book chapters, and is a frequently invited guest speaker at national and international imaging and orthopaedic conferences.
Foot and Ankle Imaging
Certified in Clinical Densitometrist (CCD)
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Attending Radiologist, Hospital for Special Surgery
Director of Education, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Hospital for Special Surgery
Professor of Radiology, Weill Cornell Medical College
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (Associate Member Allied Specialty)
American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (MD Affiliate Member)
International Weight Bearing CT Society (Academic Affiliate)
American College of Radiology (Fellow)
New York Roentgen Society (President 2018-2019)
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (Senior member)
Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound (Fellow)
American Roentgen Ray Society
Radiological Society of North America
International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Society of Skeletal Radiology
New York State Radiological Society
International Skeletal Society
American Board of Radiology, 1999
Certified Clinical Densitometry (CCD), 2008
Department of Radiology and Imaging Fellow Award for Mentor of the Year 2016
Profiled in Horizon magazine (Hospital for Special Surgery) 2005
Consumer Research Council of America: Guide to America's Top Physicians 2005
Consumer Research Council of America: Guide to America's Top Radiologists 2002-2003, 2006
MD, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, 1995
Diagnostic Radiology Resident, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 1999
Orthopaedic Radiology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital and Weill Cornell Medical College, 2000
Musculoskeletal Radiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY,2000
Editorial Board, Ultrasound Quarterly
Editorial Board, Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Reviewer for American Journal of Roentgenology
Reviewer for Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Reviewer for Foot and Ankle International
Reviewer for Journal of Clinical Ultrasound
Reviewer for Skeletal Radiology
Reviewer for Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Reviewer for European Radiology
Reviewer for Sports Health
Reviewer for Ultrasound Quarterly
Reviewer for Clinical Imaging
Miller TT, Sofka CM Zhang P, Khurana JS. Systematic approach to tumors and tumor-like conditions of soft tissue, in Diagnostic Imaging of Musculoskeletal Diseases, Bonakdarpour A, Reinus WR, Khurana JS, eds. Humana Press, Springer New York. 2009 pp.313-350
Sofka CM. Magnetic resonance imaging of myopathies and myositis, in The inflammatory myopathies, L. Kagen, ed., Humana Press New York 2009, pp.127-146
Sofka CM, Pavlov H. The History of Clinical Musculoskeletal Radiology. Radiol Clin North Am 2009; 47(3):349-356
Nazarian LN., Nohm-Velez M., Kan J., Sofka C., et al. AIUM practice guidelines for the performance of a musculoskeletal ultrasound examination. J Ultrasound Med. 2012 Sep; 31(9):1473-88
Pavlov H, Sofka CM, Saboeiro G, Mintz DN. Imaging of foot and ankle athletic injuries, in Foot and Ankle Sports Medicine, DW Altchek, CW DiGiovanni, JS Dines, RG Positano eds.,Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins New York 2013, pp 51-66
Sofka CM. Tracking rheumatic disease through imaging. Rheum Dis Clin North Am: The Use of Imaging in Inflammatory Joint and Vascular Disorders 2013; 39(3): 633-644
Sofka CM. Post operative magnetic resonance imaging of the foot and ankle. J Magn Reson Imaging 2013; 37(3): 556-65
Sofka C. Developments and innovations in resident and fellowship education: HSS J. 2014 Oct: 10 (3): 225-9
Pavlov H, Sofka C, Rekhi S, Spivey JR. Radiology and Imaging of systemic disease manifestations in the lower extremity, in The Lower Extremity and its Relationship to Systemic Disease. Borer JS, Positano RG, DiGiovanni CW, Trepal MJ, eds, in press.
Sofka CM. Technical considerations: best practices for MR imaging of the foot and ankle. MRI Clinics of North America, Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America 25 (2017) pp. 1-10
Gurbani A, Demetracopoulos C, O'Malley M, Deland J, Cody E, Sofka C, Scharf S, Ellis S. Correlation of Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography Results with Clinical and Intraoperative Findings in Painful Total Ankle Replacement. Foot Ankle Int. 2020 Jun; 41(6): 639-646.
Harnroongroj T, Volpert LG, Ellis SJ, Sofka CM, Deland JT, Demetracopoulos CA. Comparison of Tibial and Talar Bone Density in Patients Undergoing Total Ankle Replacement vs Non-Ankle Arthritis Matched Controls. Foot Ankle Int. 2019 Dec;40(12):1408-1415.
Dyke JP, Garfinkel JH, Volpert L, Sanders A, Newcomer M, Dutruel SP, Sofka CM, Ellis SJ, Demetracopoulos CA. Imaging of Bone Perfusion and Metabolism in Subjects Undergoing Total Ankle Arthroplasty Using 18F-Fluoride Positron Emission Tomography. Foot Ankle Int. 2019 Dec;40(12):1351-1357.
Karnovsky SC, DeSandis B, Haleem AM, Sofka CM, O'Malley M, Drakos MC. Comparison of juvenile allogenous articular cartilage and bone marrow aspirate concentrate versus microfracture with and without bone marrow aspirate concentrate in arthroscopic treatment of talar osteochondral lesions. Foot Ankle Int. 2018; 39(4): 393-405.
DeSandis BA, Haleem AM, Sofka CM, O'Malley MJ, Drakos MC. Arthroscopic treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus using juvenile articular cartilage allograft and autologous bone marrow aspirate concentration. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2018 Mar - Apr;57(2):273-280.
van Dijk PAD, Murawski CD, Hunt KJ, Andrews CL, Longo UG, McCollum G, Simpson H, Sofka CM, Yoshimura I, Karlsson J; International Consensus Group on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle. Post-treatment follow-up, imaging, and outcome scores: Proceedings of the International Consensus Meeting on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle. Foot Ankle Int. 2018 Jul;39(1_suppl):68S-73S.
Sofka CM. Technical considerations: best practices for MR imaging of the foot and ankle. MRI Clinics of North America, Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am 2017; 25 (1): 1-10.
Cody EA, Greditzer HG 4th, MacMahon A, Burket JC, Sofka CM, Ellis SJ. Effects on the tarsal tunnel following Malerba Z-type osteotomy compared to standard lateralizing calcaneal osteotomy. Foot Ankle Int. 2016 Sep; 37(9):1017-22.
MacMahon A, Deland JT, Do H, Soukup DS, Sofka CM, Demetracopoulos CA, DeBlis R. MRI Evaluation of Achilles tendon rotation and sural nerve anatomy: implications for percutaneous and limited-open Achilles tendon repair. Foot Ankle Int. 2016 Jun;37(6):636-43.
Sofka CM. Post operative magnetic resonance imaging of the foot and ankle. J Magn Reson Imaging 2013; 37(3): 556-65.
For more publications, please see the PubMed listing.
For more publications, please see the PubMed listing.
De Cesar Netto C, Saito G, Roney A, Roberts L, Fansa A, Greditzer H, Sofka CM, Deland JT, Ellis S. Weightbearing CT and MRI findings of Stage II flatfoot deformity: can we predict patients at high risk of collapse? American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Meeting. Chicago, IL. September 2019.
Deland JT, Kennedy J, Sofka CM, Cabe T, Drakos M. Treatment of large osteochondral lesions with adjuvant micronized allogenic cartilage extracellular matrix and bone marrow aspirate concentrate reduces rate of post-operative adjacent cysts. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Meeting. Chicago, IL. September 2019.
Ellis S, Deland JT, Hummel, A, Sofka CM, Demetracopoulos C, Harnroongroj T. The “joint line height ratio” – assessing the ankle joint line level before and after total ankle replacement. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Meeting. Chicago, IL. September 2019.
Ellis S, Deland JT, Volpert L, Sofka CM, Demetracopoulos C, Harnroongroj T, Sturnick D. Comparison of tibial and talar bone density as a function of resection level in patients undergoing primary total ankle replacement versus demographic-matched controls. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Meeting, Chicago IL, September 2019.
Ellis S, Deland JT, Cody E, Sofka CM, Demetracopoulos C, O’Malley M, Gurbani A. Correlation of single photon emission computed tomography results with clinical and intraoperative findings in the painful total ankle replacement. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Meeting. Chicago, IL. September 2019.
Ellis S, Deland JT, Garfinkel J, de Cesar Netto C, Sofka CM, Greditzer H, Roney A. Intermediate to long-term clinical and radiographic results of deltoid ligament reconstruction with tendon graft. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Meeting. Chicago, IL. September 2019.
De Cesar Netto C, Godoy dos Santos A, Saito G, Roberts L, Lintz F, Siegler S, Greditzer H, Sofka CM, O’Malley M, Deland JT, Ellis S. Middle subtalar joint facet subluxation as a marker of collapsing flatfoot deformity: a case-control study. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Meeting. Chicago, IL, September 2019.
Deland JT, Sofka CM, Cabe T, Drakos M, Fabricant P. Comparison of radiographic and clinical outcomes following treatment of talar osteochondral lesions with micronized cartilage extracellular matrix mixed with bone marrow aspirate concentrate versus microfracture. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Meeting. Chicago, IL. September 2019.
Sofka CM, Greditzer H, Cabe T, Drakos M, Karnovsky S, Ang B. Can the MOCART scoring system correlate with patient reported foot and ankle outcomes scores after ankle cartilage repair procedures? American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Meeting. Chicago, IL. September 2019.
Ellis S, Garfinkel J, Volpert L, Sofka CM, Demetracopoulos C, Sanders A, Dyke J, Newcomer M. Imaging of Bone Perfusion and Metabolism in Subjects Undergoing Total Ankle Arthroplasty Using 18F-Positron Emission Tomography. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Meeting. Chicago, IL. September 2019.
Radiographic evaluation of the pediatric foot, New York Roentgen Society, 2020.
Plantar plate and forefoot injuries. International Skeletal Society Annual Meeting, 2020.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the foot and ankle, in Foot and Ankle Imaging – Special Breakout Symposium, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Meeting, 2020.
Moderator, Foot and Ankle Imaging – Special Breakout Symposium, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Meeting, 2020.
Midfoot sprains: more than just the Lisfranc ligament. International Skeletal Society Annual Meeting, 2018.
Cavovarus foot: Case and Characterization, International Skeletal Society Annual Meeting, 2017.
Imaging of ankle cartilage: from injury to repair, International Congress on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle, International Cartilage Repair Society Meeting, 2016.
Imaging of adult acquired flat foot deformity, New York Podiatric Clinical Conference, 2017.
Foot and Ankle Trauma - What We Miss (Case Based Session), International Skeletal Society Annual Meeting. 2016.
Session Moderator, New York Roentgen Society Annual Meeting, Musculoskeletal Imaging Section, Leading Edge Musculoskeletal Imaging: Innovative Techniques and Applications, 2015
Research focus involves the investigation, imaging and treatment of foot and ankle disorders. Recent work has concentrated on the outcomes of surgically treated adult foot deformities, including the efficacy of weight bearing CT examinations, the imaging appearance and complications of total ankle arthroplasty and the MRI appearance of treated osteochondral lesions (OCL) of the talus. As a member of the International Consensus Group on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle, Dr. Sofka has contributed to its publications and presentations regarding current guidelines on surgical treatment of OCL’s of the talus and appropriate imaging follow up.
One of the goals of HSS is to advance the science of orthopedic surgery, rheumatology, and related disciplines for the benefit of patients. Physicians at HSS may collaborate with outside companies for education, research and medical advances. HSS supports this collaboration in order to foster medical breakthroughs; however HSS also believes that these collaborations must be disclosed.
As part of the disclosure process, this website lists physician collaborations with outside companies. The disclosures are provided by information provided by the physician and other sources and are updated regularly. Further information may be available on individual company websites.
Below are the healthcare industry relationships reported by Dr. Sofka as of July 07, 2022.
By disclosing the collaborations of HSS physicians with industry on this website, HSS and its physicians make this information available to their patients and the public, thus creating a transparent environment for those who are interested in this information. Further, the HSS Conflicts of Interest Policy does not permit physicians to collect royalties on products developed by him/her that are used on patients at HSS.
Patients should feel free to ask their HSS physicians questions about these relationships.