Director of Education
Dr. Carolyn Sofka is the Department of Radiology education director and a board certified radiologist specializing in musculoskeletal radiology since 1999. She is published in peer reviewed radiology subspecialty journals, has co-authored book chapters, including one on musculoskeletal ultrasound, and has presented at national radiology and subspecialty meetings.
Attending Radiologist, Hospital for Special Surgery
Director of Education, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Hospital for Special Surgery
Professor of Radiology, Weill Cornell Medical College
Foot and Ankle Imaging
Certified in Clinical Densitometrist (CCD)
Department of Radiology and Imaging Fellow Award for Mentor of the Year 2016
Profiled in Horizon magazine (Hospital for Special Surgery) 2005
Consumer Research Council of America: Guide to America's Top Physicians 2005
Consumer Research Council of America: Guide to America's Top Radiologists 2002-2003, 2006
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Associate Member – Allied Specialty
American College of Radiology (Fellow)
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (Senior member)
American Roentgen Ray Society
American Association for Women Radiologists
Radiological Society of North America
International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Society of Skeletal Radiology
New York State Radiological Society
New York Roentgen Society
Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound (Fellow)
International Skeletal Society
Blue Cross Blue Shield PPO HMO POS
Blue Cross Blue Shield Pathway
Blue Cross Blue Shield Pathway Enhanced
NYS Empire Plan
United Healthcare Compass
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One of the goals of Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) is to advance the science of orthopedic surgery, rheumatology, and related disciplines for the benefit of patients. Physicians at HSS may collaborate with outside companies for education, research and medical advances. HSS supports this collaboration in order to foster medical breakthroughs; however HSS also believes that these collaborations must be disclosed.
As part of the disclosure process, this website lists physician collaborations with outside companies if payments were received during the prior year, or if the HSS physician currently receives payment. The disclosures are provided by information provided by the physician and other sources and are updated regularly. Further information may be available on individual company websites.
As of July 02, 2018, Dr. Sofka reported no financial interest relationships with healthcare industry.
By disclosing the collaborations of HSS physicians with industry on this website, HSS and its physicians make this information available to their patients and the public, thus creating a transparent environment for those who are interested in this information. Further, HSS’ Conflicts of Interest Policy does not permit physicians to collect royalties on products developed by him/her that are used on patients at HSS.
Diagnostic Radiology Resident, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1995-1999
Orthopaedic Radiology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital and Weill Cornell Medical College, 1999-2000
Musculoskeletal Radiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, 1999-2000
American Board of Radiology, 1999
Certified Clinical Densitometry (CCD), 2008
New York, New Jersey, Connecticut
Assistant Editor for Literature Review, Ultrasound Quarterly
Reviewer for American Journal of Roentgenology
Reviewer for Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Reviewer for Foot and Ankle International
Reviewer for Journal of Clinical Ultrasound
Reviewer for Skeletal Radiology
Reviewer for Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Reviewer for European Radiology
Reviewer for Sports Health
Reviewer for Ultrasound Quarterly
Reviewer for Clinical Imaging
Miller TT, Sofka CM Zhang P, Khurana JS. Systematic approach to tumors and tumor-like conditions of soft tissue, in Diagnostic Imaging of Musculoskeletal Diseases, Bonakdarpour A, Reinus WR, Khurana JS, eds. Humana Press, Springer New York. 2009 pp.313-350
Sofka CM. Magnetic resonance imaging of myopathies and myositis, in The inflammatory myopathies, L. Kagen, ed., Humana Press New York 2009, pp.127-146
Sofka CM, Pavlov H. The History of Clinical Musculoskeletal Radiology. Radiol Clin North Am 2009; 47(3):349-356
Nazarian LN., Nohm-Velez M., Kan J., Sofka C., et al. AIUM practice guidelines for the performance of a musculoskeletal ultrasound examination. J Ultrasound Med. 2012 Sep; 31(9):1473-88
Pavlov H, Sofka CM, Saboeiro G, Mintz DN. Imaging of foot and ankle athletic injuries, in Foot and Ankle Sports Medicine, DW Altchek, CW DiGiovanni, JS Dines, RG Positano eds.,Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins New York 2013, pp 51-66
Sofka CM. Tracking rheumatic disease through imaging. Rheum Dis Clin North Am: The Use of Imaging in Inflammatory Joint and Vascular Disorders 2013; 39(3): 633-644
Sofka CM. Post operative magnetic resonance imaging of the foot and ankle. J Magn Reson Imaging 2013; 37(3): 556-65
Sofka C. Developments and innovations in resident and fellowship education: HSS J. 2014 Oct: 10 (3): 225-9
Pavlov H, Sofka C, Rekhi S, Spivey JR. Radiology and Imaging of systemic disease manifestations in the lower extremity, in The Lower Extremity and its Relationship to Systemic Disease. Borer JS, Positano RG, DiGiovanni CW, Trepal MJ, eds, in press.
Sofka CM. Technical considerations: best practices for MR imaging of the foot and ankle. MRI Clinics of North America, Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America 25 (2017) pp. 1-10
Haleem AM, Pavlov H, Bogner E, Deland JT, Ellis SJ, Sofka CM. Comparison of deformity with respect to talus in adult acquired flatfoot patients and controls using multi-planar weight-bearing imaging versus conventional radiography. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Apr 16;96(8):e63
Sofka CM. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging of the foot and ankle. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Mar;37(3):556-65.
Chan JY Williams BR, Nair P, Young E, Sofka CM, Deland JT, Ellis SJ. The contribution of medializing calcaneal osteotomy on hindfoot alignment in the reconstruction of the stage II adult acquired flatfoot deformity. Foot Ankle Int 2013; 34(2): 159-66
Sofka CM Posterior ankle impingement. HSS J 2010; 6(1): 99-101
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Saboeiro G, Pavlov H. Sonographic evaluation and sonographic-guided therapeutic options of lateral ankle pain: peroneal tendon pathology associated with the presence of an os peroneum. HSS J 2010; 6(2): 177-181
Sofka CM, O’Loughlin P, Kennedy J. Fracture of the medial tubercle of the posterior process of the talus: magnetic resonance imaging appearance with clinical follow up. HSS J. 2009; 5(2):161-4.
Saboeiro G Sofka CM. Ultrasound guided ganglion cyst aspiration. HSS J 2008; 4(2): 161-163
Sofka CM, Ciavarra GA, Hannafin JA, Cordasco FA, Potter HG. Magnetic resonance imaging of adhesive capsulitis: correlation with clinical staging. HSS J 2008; 4(2): 164-169
Sofka CM Bogner E. Imaging of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. HSS J 2008; 4(1): 71-73
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Ciavarra GA, Pavlov H Ultrasound-guided interdigital neuroma injections: short term clinical outcomes after a single percutaneous injection – preliminary results. HSS J 2007; 3(1): 44-49
Flemming D, Davis KW, Dinauer PA, Gentili A, Resnick CS, Learch TJ, Major NM, Peterson JJ, Roach NA, Sofka CM. Musculoskeletal radiology curriculum for radiology residents. J Am Coll Radiol 2007; 4: 636-639
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Positano R. Pavlov H, Luchs J. Haglund’s syndrome: diagnosis and treatment using sonography. HSS J 2006; 2(1): 27-29
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Danon M. Sonography of the acetabular labrum: visualization of labral injuries during intraarticular injections. J Ultrasound Med 2006; 25(10): 1321-1326
Sofka CM, Marx R., Adler RS. Utility of sonography for the diagnosis of adductor avulsion injury (“thigh splints”). J Ultrasound Med 2006; 25 (7): 913-916
Sofka CM, Lin D, Adler RS. Advantages of color B-mode imaging with contrast optimization in sonography of low contrast musculoskeletal lesions and structures in the foot and ankle. J Ultrasound Med 2005; 24(2): 215-218
Potter HG, Nestor BJ, Sofka CM, Ho ST, Peters LE, Salvati EA. Magnetic resonance imaging after total hip arthroplasty: evaluation of periprosthetic soft tissue. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004; 86-A(9): 1947-1954
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Laskin R. Sonography of polyethylene liners used in total knee arthroplasty. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2003; 180(5):1437-1441
Sofka CM, Adler RS. Original Report: Sonographic evaluation of shoulder arthroplasty. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2003; 180(4):1117-1120.
Sofka CM, Potter HG, Figgie M, Laskin R. Magnetic resonance imaging of total knee arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2003; 406:129-135
Sofka CM, Collins AJ, Adler RS. Utilization of ultrasound guidance in interventional musculoskeletal procedures: a review from a single institution. J Ultrasound Med 2001; 20 (1): 21-26.
For more publications, please see the PubMed listing.
Young E, Deland JT, Lamb J, Ellis S, Sofka CM. Correlation of radiographic alignment and functional outcomes following adult flatfoot reconstruction, 42nd Annual Specialty Day, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, San Francisco, CA, February 2012
Haleem, Young E, Pavlov H, Bogner E, Sofka CM, Geatrakas C, Deland J, Ellis S. Comparison of deformity with respect to talus in adult acquired flatfoot patients and control using multiplanar weight bearing imaging versus conventional radiography. American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Summer Meeting, San Diego, CA June 2012
Deblis, R, MacMahon A, Soukup D, Sofka C, Demetracopoulos C, Deland J. Evaluation of Achilles tendon rotation relative to the bimalleolar axis: an MRI study. Hospital for Special Surgery End of Year Fellow Research Presentations, New York, NY June 2015
Deblis, R, MacMahon A, Soukup D, Sofka C, Demetracopoulos C, Deland J. Evaluation of Achilles tendon rotation relative to the bimalleolar axis: an MRI study. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Meeting, Long Beach, CA July 2015
DeSandis B, Haleem A, Sofka C, O’Malley M, Drakos M. Juvenile allogenous articular cartilage and autologous bone marrow aspirate concentrate in the arthroscopic treatment of critical sized talar osteochondral lesions. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Meeting, Long Beach, CA July 2015
Kothary S, Sofka C, Ellis SJ, Deland JT. “Put the “spring” back in your foot: adult acquired flatfoot deformity – imaging spectrum and post operative appearance” Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago IL, December 2015
Cody EA, Greditzer 4th HG, MacMahon A, Burket Koltsov JC, Sofka C, Ellis SJ. “Effects on the tarsal tunnel following Malerba Z-type osteotomy compared to standard lateralizing calcaneal osteotomy” American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, July 2016
DeSandis B, Haleem A, Sofka C, O’Malley M, Drakos M . “Comparison of Juvenile Allogenous Articular Cartilage and Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate versus Microfracture in Arthroscopic Treatment of Talar Osteochondral Lesions” American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, July 2016
Semifinalist for consideration for the AOFAS Roger A. Mann Award, given to the presenter of the best clinical paper accepted for presentation at the AOFAS Annual Meeting
Nielsen N, Sofka CM, Sanders A, Nguyen J, Demetracopoulos C. “Sagittal alignment in fixed bearing total ankle replacement” American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Meeting, Seattle WA, July 2017
Jones M, Sanders A, Da Cunha R, Cody E, Sofka C, Nguyen J, Deland J, Ellis S. “Assessment of new measurements to assess first metatarsal elevation in hallux rigidus compared to controls” American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Meeting, Seattle WA, July 2017
Posterior tibial tendon and spring ligament abnormalities. European Society of Skeletal Radiology Riga, Latvia. June 2014
Flatfoot deformity. International Skeletal Society Refresher Course/Annual Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland. October 2014
Ultrasound of the foot and ankle, Annual Fellows Meeting, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Annual Meeting, Denver CO, October 2014
Caught flat-footed: posterior tibial dysfunction. International Skeletal Society Refresher Course/Annual Meeting. Maui, Hawaii, October 2015
Review and current imaging of flatfoot deformity. New York Roentgen Society 2015 Annual Meeting, New York, New York, October 2015
Session Moderator, New York Roentgen Society Annual Meeting, Musculoskeletal Imaging Section, Leading Edge Musculoskeletal Imaging: Innovative Techniques and Applications. New York, New York, October 2015
Foot and Ankle, International Skeletal Society Self Assessment Module: Trauma - What We Miss (Case Based Session) International Skeletal Society Annual Meeting. Paris, France, September 2016
Imaging of ankle cartilage: from injury to repair, International Congress on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle at the International Cartilage Repair Society Meeting. Sorrento, Italy, September 2016
Imaging of adult acquired flat foot deformity, New York Podiatric Clinical Conference, New York, NY, January 2017
Cavovarus foot: Case and Characterization, International Skeletal Society Annual Meeting. New York, New York, August 2017
Midfoot sprains: more than just the Lisfranc ligament. International Skeletal Society Annual Meeting, Berlin Germany, September 2018