Knock knee deformity or genu valgum is when the knees bend inward toward one another, causing them to touch. [Figure 1.]
Metabolic diseases, renal failure, trauma, infection, and other conditions can cause genu valgum, but it can also be idiopathic (having no known cause).
Treatment usually consists of guided growth, rather than osteotomy, with a plate and screws placed on the medial side (inside) of the knee.[Figure 2.] This is the opposite side from that in the correction of bowleg deformity. The specific device used to achieve guided growth is the eight-Plate system. This consists of a small, two-holed, figure-eight shaped metal plate that spans the bone's growth plate and is affixed with one screw on each side of the growth plate. [Figure 3.]