Active Release Technique® (or ART) is a patented soft tissue technique that treats problems with muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia (connective tissue), and nerves. People with various types of musculoskeletal conditions can benefit from ART. These conditions all have one important similarity: They are frequently the result of overused muscles, causing muscle spasm, scar tissue and eventual loss of function within a region of the body.1
When muscles (and other soft tissues) are overused, three types of problems may result:
Your body responds to these occurrences by producing tough, dense scar tissue in the problem area. This scar tissue restricts healthy tissues, preventing them from moving freely. As more scar tissue builds, your muscles weaken and become shorter, nerves can become trapped, and the tension that is placed on the tendons might even cause tendon inflammation or tendonitis. Eventually, all of this leads to a reduced range of motion, loss of strength, and pain. In cases where a nerve is trapped, you might experience tingling, numbness, and weakness as well.1
The difference between ART and other techniques is that during an ART treatment, the patient actively moves the affected structure (muscle or ligament) while the practitioner presses or maintains contact on the injured area. This allows the practitioner to feel the structure as it moves under their contact, and to effectively treat those restricted muscles, tendons, or ligaments.
Over 500 specific moves make up the treatment protocols used in ART, allowing the practitioner to tailor treatment to the unique needs of each patient. Individuals who may benefit from ART include:
An ART session is both an examination and a treatment. As the ART website explains, “the provider uses his or her hands to evaluate the texture, tightness, and movement of muscles, fascia, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. Abnormal tissues are treated by combining precisely directed tension with very specific patient movements.”
The specific techniques that are used vary according to the needs of the patient, but examples include:
ART is a specific, targeted treatment, and patients often see results within two to four weeks, or three to six visits.
Only healthcare providers with a license to treat soft-tissue injuries or conditions can become certified in ART and treat patients using this technique. These include chiropractors, physical therapists, massage therapists, certified athletic trainers, and medical doctors. However, you do not need a prescription in order to be treated using the ART technique. You only need to ensure that the healthcare professional you make an appointment with is properly ART certified. Get a physical therapy appointment at HSS.
1) What is Active Release Techniques (ART) to Providers?, accessed May 24th, 2012