Articular cartilage is a firm rubbery tissue that covers the ends of bones. It provides a smooth gliding surface for joints and acts as a cushion between bones. Cartilage can break down due to overuse or injury. This can lead to pain and swelling and problems with your joint.
Your treatment will depend on the size of the defect and the judgment of your surgeon. If cartilage removal is deemed necessary, your surgeon may also choose to bur or scrape the exposed bone. This scraping will help heal the injured area.