Surgical Hip Dislocation

Surgical hip dislocation is a technique that is sometimes used during corrective surgery for a hip impingement or other condition that causes hip pain. It should not to be confused with unintentional hip dislocation caused by an injury or deformity.

In surgical dislocation of the hip, the head of the femur (thighbone) is moved out from its normal resting place in the socket of the pelvis. The technique as two key benefits:

  1. It offers a full view of the hip joint. The surgeon can see the entire joint, test it physically for range of motion, diagnose problems and surgically correct them.
  2. It does not require the surgeon to detach muscles or blood vessels from the femur. (A bone whose blood supply is cut off for too long will die. This is a condition known as avascular necrosis.) Instead, the section of the – femur connected to important blood vessels is cut and retracted away, allowing blood to flow to the bone during the procedure. When the surgeon finishes correcting the problem causing hip pain, that section of bone is secured back into place with screws.

Surgical hip dislocation is an excellent method doctors can use to understand what is causing hip pain in a patient. It is a difficult procedure, but an extremely safe one when performed by an expert. Hospital for Special Surgery’s Center for Hip Preservation is one of the few places in the country that performs this surgery on a regular basis.

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