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Preventing & Treating Gout through Diet

Fish and vegetables on a plate

Gout is a type of arthritis that is predominantly seen in men (although can occur in women) characterized by higher uric acid levels from the breakdown of purine. Purine is a compound found in many foods and often linked to gout when consumed in excess. Foods high in purine include certain meats, shellfish and alcoholic beverages. To prevent gout, it is important to maintain a healthy weight since obesity greatly increases your risk and eat a balanced healthy diet with plenty of fruit, vegetables and whole grains. If you have gout, avoid beer and other alcoholic beverages. Also, consider limiting the amount of purine in your diet. Foods high in protein, such as meats, fish and beans are the main sources of purines, but some types of proteins are higher in purines than others.

High purine protein foods include: anchovies, sardines, herring, mussels, tuna, codfish, scallops, trout and haddock (remove fish skin), bacon, organ meats (such as, liver, kidney), tripe, sweetbreads, wild game

Moderate protein foods include: beef, chicken, duck, pork/ham, crab, lobster, oysters and shrimp.

Choosing foods that have moderate amounts of protein may help, but limit the portion. A moderate purine food can become a high purine food if you consume a big portion of it.

Topics: Nutrition
The information provided in this blog by HSS and our affiliated physicians is for general informational and educational purposes, and should not be considered medical advice for any individual problem you may have. This information is not a substitute for the professional judgment of a qualified health care provider who is familiar with the unique facts about your condition and medical history. You should always consult your health care provider prior to starting any new treatment, or terminating or changing any ongoing treatment. Every post on this blog is the opinion of the author and may not reflect the official position of HSS. Please contact us if we can be helpful in answering any questions or to arrange for a visit or consult.