Whole grains include all three parts of a grain kernel: the bran, germ and endosperm.
Whole grain foods are made with all three of these grain components. Eating whole grains provide wonderful health benefits. Whole grains are great because:
Refined grain foods have been made once the grain has been milled, which is a process that removes the bran and the germ portions and leaves only the endosperm. This process removes important nutrients such as vitamin B, iron and dietary fiber.
|Whole Grain||Refined Grain|
|whole wheat bagel||plain, egg bagel|
|100% whole wheat bread, sliced||white bread, sliced|
|100% whole wheat crackers||saltine crackers|
|whole wheat english muffin||plain english muffin|
|cooked brown or wild rice||cooked white rice|
|cooked whole wheat pasta||cooked enriched pasta|