The modified Lapidus procedure is widely used to correct hallux valgus but has been reported with high nonunion rates. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the nonunion rate of the modified Lapidus procedure performed with rigid cross screw fixation, meticulous joint preparation, and shear-strain-relieved calcaneal bone graft.
Does the performance of the Lapidus procedure with rigid cross screw fixation, complete joint preparation, and shear-strain-relieved calcaneal bone graft achieve higher union rates than currently reported? If nonunion does occur, what is the clinical course?
We reviewed both radiographic and clinical results of the modified Lapidus procedure with the above technique in 171 patients (182 feet). Evaluation included age, gender, tobacco use, diabetic status, and radiographic analysis at least 3 months postoperatively.
The modified Lapidus procedure described above resulted in a union rate of 97.3% (177 of 182 feet). Three of the five feet with radiographic nonunions were clinically symptomatic.
The union rate of the modified Lapidus procedure is higher than previously reported when performed with rigid cross screw fixation, meticulous joint preparation, and shear-strain-relieved bone graft. Nonunion of the first tarsometatarsal joint should be considered an infrequent occurrence.
Level of Evidence: IV, Retrospective Case Series
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