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History of HSS: The Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled Entering the Twentieth Century c. 1900 to 1912

The continuing story of Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) from its origin in 1863 as the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled (R&C) on lower Second Avenue in New York saw expansion at its second site. A new 200 bed hospital was constructed and opened in 1870 on the corner of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. Converted by the 2nd Surgeon-in-Chief, Virgil Gibney, from a 28 bed home for the incurables to a modern orthopaedic and surgical hospital with outstanding professional staff, the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled emerged into the 20th Century as an unique treatment center for disabled children and adults as well as a foremost training center for young orthopaedic surgeons. The interaction of the New York Central Railroad and support of a very influential and philanthropic Board of Managers helped promote the growth and development of this institution. In 1912 it relocated for the third time in its history to 321 East 42nd Street, just east of Second Avenue. That same year the HSS Alumni Association was founded as the Alumni Association of the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled.

This article appears in HSS Journal: Volume 3, Number 1.
View the full article at springerlink.com.

About the HSS Journal
HSS Journal, an academic peer-reviewed journal, is published twice a year, February and September, and features articles by internal faculty and HSS alumni that present current research and clinical work in the field of musculoskeletal medicine performed at HSS, including research articles, surgical procedures, and case reports.


David B. Levine, MD
Chair, Archives Committee
Emeritus Attending Orthopaedic Surgeon
Hospital for Special Surgery


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