Tendonitis (also known as tendinitis) is a general term used to describe inflammation associated with a tendon. Tendons connect muscles to bone, and inflammation of these rope-like tissues is the most common cause of soft-tissue pain. Common areas of tendonitis include the shoulder (which involves inflammation at one of the tendons of the rotator cuff), elbow (‘tennis elbow’ and “golfer’s elbow”), wrist, knee (above and below the kneecap), back of the ankle (Achilles tendonitis) and foot.
- The first line of treatment for tendonitis involves the “RICE” protocol, which stands for “Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation.”
- Methods of treating recurring tendonitis differ for the various locations in the body, and can include immobilization with a splint, sling, or crutches; physical therapy; the application of heat, including skin balms, hot packs, and soaking; anti-inflammatory medications such as NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and local injection of corticosteroids;
- The most severe forms of tendonitis, surgical procedures can be used to realign tendons, remove spurs which are causing pressure on tendons, and to remove areas of calcium buildup.
It is very important not to neglect persistent tendonitis and to rely on rheumatologic and orthopedic specialists to properly diagnose and treat the condition.