5 Common Myths about Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a condition of the spine in which the spine curves to varying degrees in an “S” shape, either to the left or right side. Here are 5 common myths about scoliosis with facts provided by Orthopedic Spine Surgeon Dr. Matthew Cunningham:

MYTH 1: Once diagnosed, scoliosis is relentlessly progressive– Scoliosis is diagnosed with an AP X-ray, and measured curve magnitude of greater than 10°.  The great majority of children with an initial scoliosis diagnosis never require treatment with bracing or surgery and even as adults would be very unlikely to require definitive/surgical care.  As a general rule after the pubertal growth spurt, small curves (under 50°) remain stable, while curves over 50° and to have higher risk for continued progression.
MYTH 2: Scoliosis is preventable- It has become increasingly understood that scoliosis has a multi-factorial cause, including genetics and physical/hormonal causes among others. There are much higher rates of scoliosis in identical twins, affected families, and girls greatly outnumber boys.  Scoliosis is not caused by wearing heavy backpacks, vigorous stretching during gym class, or presence/absence of a favorite pet or food item.
MYTH 3: Scoliosis makes you fragile- Patients with scoliosis can be very active, participating in as vigorous a level of athletics as their potential symptoms allow them.  Particularly with minor curves, scoliosis patients can even rise to NBA All-Star status and achieve league scoring records (check the internet). Even in patients with severe curves requiring surgery, once the spine has healed and the muscles have had their strength restored, patients can participate in vigorous activities to the extent that any residual symptoms allow.
MYTH 4: Scoliosis will ruin your life-  Although children undergoing brace management, or patients of any age undergoing surgery, would likely not consider their treatment to be a “high point”, patients with scoliosis can go on to become famous actors/actresses, athletes, accomplished musicians, or excellent members of the typical work force.
MYTH 5: You can’t travel after scoliosis surgery- Although a postoperative patient may have discomfort for several weeks following surgery that might limit their enthusiasm for sitting on a train or airplane seat for hours at a time, once the surgery has healed there would be no reason for a scoliosis patient to not travel the world at their leisure.  There would be no expectation for increased pain with changes in cabin pressure at high-altitudes, and I never had a patient report that their metal rods and screws caused the airport screening scans to indicate that they required further testing.

Reviewed on May 2, 2018. 

Cunningham W Dr. Matthew E. Cunningham

Matthew E Cunningham MD PhD is an orthopedic surgeon at HSS, specializing in Pediatric and Adult, Spine and Scoliosis surgery. Dr. Cunningham’s interests include minimally invasive and open surgery for spine deformity and degenerative conditions.

The information provided in this blog by HSS and our affiliated physicians is for general informational and educational purposes, and should not be considered medical advice for any individual problem you may have. This information is not a substitute for the professional judgment of a qualified health care provider who is familiar with the unique facts about your condition and medical history. You should always consult your health care provider prior to starting any new treatment, or terminating or changing any ongoing treatment. Every post on this blog is the opinion of the author and may not reflect the official position of HSS. Please contact us if we can be helpful in answering any questions or to arrange for a visit or consult.


  1. My daughter had the scoliosis operation in 2013. Op was successful. She has improved so much and recovered so quickly which was amazing. What should we be cautious of after the surgery and need a few tips for her.

    1. Hi Nasreen- It is inappropriate to give medical advice without a thorough history of the patient, without examining the patient, and without the ability to review any radiographs or other imaging studies performed.


      If in the follow up visits with your daughter’s surgeon it was concluded that the spine fusion had healed and fused solidly, that there were no issues with the bones or soft tissues at the top or bottom of the zone of the spine that was fused, and she has NO pain in the back, then she would typically be released to “activities as tolerated” at about 6 months following surgery. This means it would be fine for her to participate in the school or extracurricular activities she desired (dance, swimming, soccer, golf, softball, etc.) as long as the activity did not cause her to have pain symptoms. I routinely advise my patients that they will be intermittently assessed by me for how they are doing for the rest of their lives (perhaps each 2-3 years following full healing after surgery), and the only strict rule for how to prevent future problems is to be sure that they maintain good trunk muscle (“core”) strength and conditioning (possibly through PT, pilates, yoga, or similar exercise for the “core”). -Dr. Cunningham

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