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Pediatrics at HSS

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Arthritis affects approximately one child in every thousand in a given year. Fortunately, most of these cases are mild. However, approximately one child in every 10,000 will have more severe arthritis that doesn't just go away. There are three important issues for every child or adolescent with arthritis:

  • Proper recognition and diagnosis of the disease;
  • Proper treatment by an experienced physician with multidisciplinary support including physical and occupational therapists and orthopaedic surgeons;
  • Proper education of the patient and family.
A docor speaking with a pediatric patient
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA)

JRA is the most common type of arthritis. There are three main forms of JRA - pauciarticular, polyarticular, and systemic onset, which differ in the way that the arthritis first manifests itself in the patient and the disease progression.