NEW YORK—May 18, 2009
“Parents bring children in for all kinds of foot problems and injuries, and the first thing I do is ask about their shoes,” says Dr. Blanco, who also has offices in Uniondale, Long Island and Fresh Meadows, Queens.
Dr. John S. Blanco, Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon
“Footwear has a lot to do with how their feet function on a day to day basis, especially during athletic activities.”
Dr. Blanco says the best bet is often a lace-up sneaker that fits right and is worn correctly. Velcro sneakers may be easier to fasten than lace-up shoes, but they offer much less support, he notes.
“For sports activities, I recommend a good lace-up sneaker,” he says. “Typically, a cross-trainer style is a good choice because it usually has proper heel support and a good arch built into it.” Dr. Blanco recommends that people with any type of foot problem have the length and width of their foot measured in a shoe store. The right fit and proper lacing will provide good support and shock absorption and will cut down on injuries.
“Kids should be encouraged to use all the lace holes,” he says. “Laces should go all the way to the very top hole and should be tied snugly. Properly laced shoes give more stability to the foot.”
But a lot of kids are walking around with loosely-laced sneakers, the preferred style for many young people. Internet message boards devoted to sneakers contain messages attesting to the popularity of the hazardous trend. On Yahoo Answers, the question “How Loose Do You Wear Your Sneakers?” garnered such responses as: “I don't use laces. There not needed! Running is hard though,” and this one, chosen as the Best Answer by voters: “I wear mine with either no laces, or the laces VERY loose, maybe just the first 2 holes laced, I love the laces hanging loose, and the tongue hanging forwards. On skate sneakers, I cut the elastics that hold the tongue down - I just hate that. Skate sneakers must be LOOSE with the tongues hanging out.”
It may be trendy, but these loose-lace aficionados are running into trouble. “Kids come in all day long with sprains, strains and twisting injuries, and the first thing we find out is they were wearing shoes that were not properly laced or were ill-fitting,” Dr. Blanco says. “Kids playing sports with sneaker laces having all kinds of strange designs and no support will come in with a broken ankle or a foot fracture.”
But loose laces and ill-fitting sneakers aren’t the only problems. Now that the warm weather is approaching, some of the most hazardous footwear for young people will be back in vogue. Dr. Blanco has a list of the worst offenders:
In the spring and summer, good footwear is a particular concern, Dr. Blanco says. Many teens get summer jobs and are on their feet all day. Prolonged standing can be a problem without a good, supportive, shock-absorbing shoe.
Young people should always have the appropriate footwear for the sport they are playing. Sneakers should be discarded when the sole wears down, the arch support flattens out, or the inside gets stretched out. The right time to get a new pair of shoes often depends on a child’s or teen’s activity level.
About Hospital for Special Surgery
Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) is the world’s largest academic medical center focused on musculoskeletal health. HSS is nationally ranked No. 1 in orthopedics, No. 3 in rheumatology and No. 7 in geriatrics by U.S. News & World Report (2015-2016), and is the first hospital in New York State to receive Magnet Recognition for Excellence in Nursing Service from the American Nurses Credentialing Center four consecutive times. HSS has one of the lowest infection rates in the country. HSS is an affiliate of Weill Cornell Medical College and as such all Hospital for Special Surgery medical staff are faculty of Weill Cornell. The hospital's research division is internationally recognized as a leader in the investigation of musculoskeletal and autoimmune diseases. Hospital for Special Surgery is located in New York City and online at www.hss.edu.