Director, Fellowship Training
Dr. Carolyn Sofka is a Board-Certified Radiologist specializing in Musculoskeletal Radiology since 1999. She is published in peer reviewed radiology subspecialty journals, has co-authored book chapters, including one on musculoskeletal ultrasound, and has presented at national radiology and subspecialty meetings.
Read about Radiology and Imaging for more information.
Associate Attending Radiologist, Hospital for Special Surgery
Associate Professor of Radiology, Weill Cornell Medical College
Director, Fellowship Training, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Hospital for Special Surgery
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Dual emission X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) (Bone density testing)
Foot and Ankle Imaging
Certified in Clinical Densitometrist (CCD)
ACGME Milestones Development Committee for Musculoskeletal Radiology Fellowships, 2013
Invited to participate in the Bryn Mawr Summer Sciences Research Program and Career Development Seminar: Sciences Alumnae Career Panel 2010
Guide to America's Top Radiologists 2002-2003,2006
Consumer Research Council of America
Guide to America's Top Physicians 2005
Consumer Research Council of America
Profiled in Horizon magazine (Hospital for Special Surgery) 2005
American College of Radiology (Fellow)
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (Senior member)
American Roentgen Ray Society
American Association for Women Radiologists
Radiological Society of North America
International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Society of Skeletal Radiology
New York State Radiological Society
New York Roentgen Society
Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound (Fellow)
International Skeletal Society
One of the goals of Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) is to advance the science of orthopedic surgery, rheumatology, and related disciplines for the benefit of patients. Physicians at HSS may collaborate with outside companies for education, research and medical advances. HSS supports this collaboration in order to foster medical breakthroughs; however HSS also believes that these collaborations must be disclosed.
As part of the disclosure process, this website lists physician collaborations with outside companies if payments were received during the prior year, or if the HSS physician currently receives payment. The disclosures are provided by information provided by the physician and other sources and are updated regularly. Further information may be available on individual company websites.
Below are the healthcare industry relationships reported by Dr. Sofka as of March 26, 2015.
By disclosing the collaborations of HSS physicians with industry on this website, HSS and its physicians make this information available to their patients and the public, thus creating a transparent environment for those who are interested in this information. Further, HSS’ Conflicts of Interest Policy does not permit physicians to collect royalties on products developed by him/her that are used on patients at HSS.
Patients should feel free to ask their HSS physicians questions about these relationships.
MD, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, 1995
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1995-1999
Orthopaedic Radiology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital and Weill Cornell Medical College, 1999-2000
Musculoskeletal Radiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, 1999-2000
American Board of Radiology, 1999
Certified Clinical Densitometry (CCD), 2008
New York, Connecticut, North Carolina, Ohio
Assistant Editor for Literature Review, Ultrasound Quarterly
Reviewer for American Journal of Roentgenology
Reviewer for Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Reviewer for Foot and Ankle International
Reviewer for Journal of Clinical Ultrasound
Reviewer for Skeletal Radiology
Reviewer for Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Reviewer for European Radiology
Reviewer for Sports Health
Reviewer for Ultrasound Quarterly
Reviewer for Clinical Imaging
Haleem AM, Pavlov H, Bogner E, Deland JT, Ellis SJ, Sofka CM. Comparison of deformity with respect to talus in adult acquired flatfoot patients and controls using multi-planar weight-bearing imaging versus conventional radiography. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Apr 16;96(8):e63
Sofka CM. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging of the foot and ankle. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Mar;37(3):556-65.
Chan JY Williams BR, Nair P, Young E, Sofka CM, Deland JT, Ellis SJ. The contribution of medializing calcaneal osteotomy on hindfoot alignment in the reconstruction of the stage II adult acquired flatfoot deformity. Foot Ankle Int 2013; 34(2): 159-66
Sofka CM Posterior ankle impingement. HSS J 2010; 6(1): 99-101
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Saboeiro G, Pavlov H. Sonographic evaluation and sonographic-guided therapeutic options of lateral ankle pain: peroneal tendon pathology associated with the presence of an os peroneum. HSS J 2010; 6(2): 177-181
Sofka CM, O’Loughlin P, Kennedy J. Fracture of the medial tubercle of the posterior process of the talus: magnetic resonance imaging appearance with clinical follow up. HSS J. 2009; 5(2):161-4.
Saboeiro G Sofka CM. Ultrasound guided ganglion cyst aspiration. HSS J 2008; 4(2): 161-163
Sofka CM, Ciavarra GA, Hannafin JA, Cordasco FA, Potter HG. Magnetic resonance imaging of adhesive capsulitis: correlation with clinical staging. HSS J 2008; 4(2): 164-169
Sofka CM Bogner E. Imaging of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. HSS J 2008; 4(1): 71-73
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Ciavarra GA, Pavlov H Ultrasound-guided interdigital neuroma injections: short term clinical outcomes after a single percutaneous injection – preliminary results. HSS J 2007; 3(1): 44-49
Flemming D, Davis KW, Dinauer PA, Gentili A, Resnick CS, Learch TJ, Major NM, Peterson JJ, Roach NA, Sofka CM. Musculoskeletal radiology curriculum for radiology residents. J Am Coll Radiol 2007; 4: 636-639
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Positano R. Pavlov H, Luchs J. Haglund’s syndrome: diagnosis and treatment using sonography. HSS J 2006; 2(1): 27-29
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Danon M. Sonography of the acetabular labrum: visualization of labral injuries during intraarticular injections. J Ultrasound Med 2006; 25(10): 1321-1326
Sofka CM, Marx R., Adler RS. Utility of sonography for the diagnosis of adductor avulsion injury (“thigh splints”). J Ultrasound Med 2006; 25 (7): 913-916
Sofka CM, Lin D, Adler RS. Advantages of color B-mode imaging with contrast optimization in sonography of low contrast musculoskeletal lesions and structures in the foot and ankle. J Ultrasound Med 2005; 24(2): 215-218
Potter HG, Nestor BJ, Sofka CM, Ho ST, Peters LE, Salvati EA. Magnetic resonance imaging after total hip arthroplasty: evaluation of periprosthetic soft tissue. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004; 86-A(9): 1947-1954
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Laskin R. Sonography of polyethylene liners used in total knee arthroplasty. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2003; 180(5):1437-1441
Sofka CM, Adler RS. Original Report: Sonographic evaluation of shoulder arthroplasty. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2003; 180(4):1117-1120.
Sofka CM, Potter HG, Figgie M, Laskin R. Magnetic resonance imaging of total knee arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2003; 406:129-135
Sofka CM, Collins AJ, Adler RS. Utilization of ultrasound guidance in interventional musculoskeletal procedures: a review from a single institution. J Ultrasound Med 2001; 20 (1): 21-26.
For more publications, please see the PubMed listing.
Sofka CM. Tracking rheumatic disease through imaging. Rheum Dis Clin North Am: The Use of Imaging in Inflammatory Joint and Vascular Disorders 2013; 39(3): 633-644
Pavlov H, Sofka CM, Saboeiro G, Mintz DN. Imaging of foot and ankle athletic injuries, in Foot and Ankle Sports Medicine, DW Altchek, CW DiGiovanni, JS Dines, RG Positano eds.,Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins New York 2013, pp 51-66
Sofka CM, Pavlov H. The History of Clinical Musculoskeletal Radiology. Radiol Clin North Am 2009; 47(3): 349-356
Sofka CM. Magnetic resonance imaging of myopathies and myositis, in The inflammatory myopathies, L. Kagen, ed., Humana Press New York 2009, pp.127-146
Miller TT, Sofka CM Zhang P, Khurana JS. Systematic approach to tumors and tumor-like conditions of soft tissue, in Diagnostic Imaging of Musculoskeletal Diseases, Bonakdarpour A, Reinus WR, Khurana JS, eds. Humana Press, Springer New York. 2009 pp.313-350
Sofka CM Potter HG. Magnetic resonance imaging of athletic hip pain. Operative techniques in sports medicine 2007; 15(4): 157-164
Sofka CM, Saboeiro G. Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Interventions. in Minimally Invasive Musculoskeletal Pain Medicine, Freedman MK, Morrison WB, and Harwood MI, eds. Informa Healthcare USA, Inc, New York, NY 2007. pp.131-139 (Chapter)
Sofka CM, Potter HG. Knee, in Clinical Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 3rd edition., Edelman R, Hesselink JR, Zlatkin MB, Crues III JV eds. pp. 3400-3435 Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia 2006 (Book chapter)
Sofka CM. MRI of the upper extremity, in Sports Medicine: Just the Facts and Sports Medicine: Board Review and Examination, O’Connor FG, Sallis RE, Wilder RP, St. Pierre P, eds. pp. 257-262 McGraw-Hill, New York 2005 (Book chapter)
Sofka CM. MRI of the lower extremity, in Sports Medicine: Just the Facts and Sports Medicine: Board Review and Examination, O’Connor FG, Sallis RE, Wilder RP, St. Pierre P, eds. pp. 329-336 McGraw-Hill, New York 2005 (Book chapter)
Adler RS, Sofka CM, Positano R. Atlas of Foot and Ankle Sonography. Lippincott Williams Wilkins, publishers, 2004. (Book).
Sofka CM, Potter H, Hooper T. Imaging the adult knee. in The Adult Knee, Callaghan JJ, Rosenberg AG, Rubash HR, Simonian PT, Wickiewicz TJ, eds. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Vol. 2, 2003, pp. 335-366. (Book chapter).
Adler RS, Mack LA, Scheible W, Sofka CM, Resnick D. Diagnostic Ultrasonography. in Diagnosis of Bone and Joint Disorders, 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders 2002 pp.167-191. (Book chapter).
Potter H, Sofka CM. Imaging the athlete’s elbow. in The Athlete’s Elbow, DW Altchek and JR Andrews, eds. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2001, pp. 59-80. (Book chapter).
Haleem, Young E, Pavlov H, Bogner E, Sofka CM, Geatrakas C, Deland J, Ellis S. Comparison of Deformity with respect to talus in adult acquired flatfoot patients and control using multiplanar weight bearing imaging versus conventional radiography. American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Summer Meeting, San Diego, CA June 2012
Young E, Deland JT, Lamb J, Ellis S, Sofka CM. Correlation of radiographic alignment and functional outcomes following adult flatfoot reconstruction, 42nd Annual Specialty Day, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, San Francisco, CA, February 2012
Chan J, Williams B, Young E, Sofka C, Deland J, Ellis S. The effect of medializing calcaneal osteotomy on hindfoot alignment in the reconstruction of adult acquired flatfoot deformity, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, Keystone, CO, July 2011
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Saboeiro GR, Pavlov H. Sonographic evaluation of lateral ankle pain: peroneal tendon pathology associated with symptomatic os peroneum and sonographic guided therapeutic options, American Roentgen Ray Society’s annual meeting, Orlando, FL, May 2007
Campbell SE, Sofka CM, Adler R. Ultrasound imaging of skeletal muscle abnormalities. American Roetgen Ray Society Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, May 2005
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Danon M. Sonoarthrography in the detection of acetabular labral disease and correlation with MRI, Society for Skeletal Radiology’s 2005 Annual Meeting, Portofino, FL, March, 2005
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Pavlov H. Ultrasound-guided interdigital neuroma injections: procedure and clinical outcomes. Radiological Society of North America 89th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, December, 2003
Lin D, Sofka CM, Rybak L, Adler RS. Advantage of photopic imaging in sonography of low contrast musculoskeletal lesions and structures in the foot, American Institute for Ultrasound in Medicine’s 46th Annual Convention, Montreal, Canada, June, 2003
Potter HG, Sofka CM, Peters LE, Nestor B, Salvati E. Magnetic resonance imaging of total hip arthroplasty, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 69th annual meeting, Dallas, TX, February, 2002
Profiled in The Medical Post, a weekly newspaper for Canadian physicians, Vol 38 (No 18) May 7, 2002
Sofka CM, Adler RS. Ultrasound evaluation of the polyethylene liner in total knee arthroplasty, American Roentgen Ray Society’s 102nd Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, April, 2002
Sofka CM, Adler RS, Craig EV, Altchek DW. Sonographic evaluation of shoulder arthroplasty, American Institute for Ultrasound in Medicine’s 46th annual convention, Nashville, TN, March, 2002
Sofka CM, Collins AJ, Adler RS. Utilization of ultrasound guidance in interventional musculoskeletal procedures: a review from a single institution, American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine’s 44th Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA, April, 2000
PTT Insufficiency & Spring Ligament injuries, European Society of Skeletal Radiology Riga, Latvia. June 2014
Basics of radiology, HSS Physician Assistant lecture, January 29, 2014
Foot and Ankle Imaging, HSS Foot and Ankle Service Grand Rounds January 23, 2014
Posterior tibial tendon insufficiency and spring ligament. International Skeletal Society Refresher Course/Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA October 2013
Ultrasound of joint arthroplasty, Annual Fellows Meeting, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Annual Meeting, Baltimore MD, October 2012
Diagnosing the frozen shoulder. International Skeletal Society Refresher Course/Annual Meeting, Rome, Italy. September 2012
Ultrasound of the adult hip. Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL. October 2011
MR and US of epicondylitis. International Skeletal Society Refresher Course/Annual Meeting, San Diego CA September 2011
Ultrasound of the hand and wrist, American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Meeting, New York, New York April 2011
Magnetic resonance imaging of the post operative foot and ankle, International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM) Annual meeting. Stockholm, Sweden, May 2010
Ultrasound in rheumatology. Instructional Course lecture. American Roentgen Ray Society Meeting Boston, MA April 2009
Musculoskeletal Imaging: the essentials. Lecture topics: “Arthroplasty imaging: MRI and ultrasound”, “Imaging the post operative knee,” “Musculoskeletal ultrasound,” “Imaging of shoulder instability”, “Ultrasound of arthritis”, plus session moderator. Naples, FL, March 2009
MRI of shoulder instability American Roentgen Ray Society meeting, Washington DC April 2008
Ultrasound of the knee American Roentgen Ray Society meeting, Washington DC April 2008
Diagnostic ultrasound of the foot and ankle. Science and Pearls of Foot and Ankle Pathology, New York College of Podiatric Medicine, New York, NY December 2007
Advanced Post Operative Imaging (Arthroplasty) – MRI, US. International Skeletal Society Refresher Course/Annual Meeting, Budapest, Hungary, October 2007
The Current status of ultrasound in rheumatology. Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Annual Meeting. Superficial Parts/MSK Ultrasound Session. Chicago, IL October 2007
Musculoskeletal ultrasound: applications in sports medicine. Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound annual meeting, Superficial Parts/MSK Ultrasound Session. Chicago IL, October, 2005
Imaging of arthritis. Long Island Rheumatism Association, April 2005